Friday, April 12, 2013


(b. April 12, 1940)


The incredibly versatile and consistently creative Herbie Hancock (b. April 12, 1940) has been and continues to be one of the most important and influential pianist/composers in the world over the past half century. Still going strong at age 73 the ever youthful and dynamic Hancock has not only played on an astonishing number of outstanding recordings as a leader and sideman of many excellent ensembles since 1962 but has also played and recorded with an extraordinary and truly eclectic list of contemporary iconic musicians and composers that includes everyone from Wayne Shorter, Dexter Gordon, Freddie Hubbard, McCoy Tyner, Eric Dolphy, Bobby Hutcherson, Grachan Moncur, Tony Williams, Joe Henderson, Donald Byrd, Jackie McLean, Roland Kirk, Ornette Coleman, Lee Morgan and Sam Rivers to Herbie's stellar six year membership in the famed Miles Davis "Second Great Quintet" from 1963-1969 that cemented Hancock's international reputation as one of the leading and most imaginative musicians and composers in the pantheon of the modern Jazz tradition since WWII. From this pinnacle of influence and inspiration Hancock has gone on to further excel in a very wide and broad array of musical styles and genres that often pioneered in the challenging creative synthesis of various styles of jazz with the best in pop, rhythm and blues, funk, and ethnic/world music traditions from the entire range of global styles and structural forms. Thus it is with great pleasure and genuine gratitude that we pay homage to the work and life of this artistic giant who continues to epitomize the very best in the always fecund African American tradition. Happy Birthday Herbie!...

"Maiden Voyage"
by Herbie Hancock:

"Chan's Song"
by Herbie Hancock:

by Herbie Hancock:


A truly timeless master and an
amazing human being.

We kick things off with a short interview
with Herbie followed by hours of his music.

Today is Herbie's day. He has earned it.

- Lester Perkins
Jazz on the Tube

P.S. Please share Jazz on the Tube with your
friends and colleagues.

Herbert Jeffrey Hancock was born on April 12, 1940 in Chicago, Illinois and considered a prodigy as a child. When Herbie was eleven years old he performed a Mozart concerto with the Chicago Symphony Orchestra. Hancock began taking an interest in Jazz in his teens and transcribed records of Oscar Peterson and Bill Evans and also was into the vocal group the Hi-Lo’s. In his own words, “by the time I actually heard the Hi-Lo's, I started picking that stuff out; my ear was happening. I could hear stuff and that's when I really learned some much farther-out voicings -like the harmonies I used on 'Speak Like a Child' -just being able to do that. I really got that from Clare Fischer's arrangements for the Hi-Lo's. Clare Fischer was a major influence on my harmonic concept... He and Bill Evans, and Ravel and Gil Evans, finally. You know, that's where it really came from. Almost all of the harmony that I play can be traced to one of those four people and whoever their influences were.” After high school Herbie attended Grinnell College where he double-majored in music and electrical engineering. Herbie quickly formed a reputation in Jazz in the 1960s performing with Donald Byrd, Coleman Hawkins, Oliver Nelson and Phil Woods and made his first album on Blue Note called ‘Takin’ Off’ in 1962.

Hancock’s first album caught the attention of Miles Davis and Herbie was asked to join his quintet in 1963 with Wayne Shorter, Ron Carter and Tony Williams. Some of the classic albums recorded by the quintet include ‘E.S.P.’, ‘Nefertiti’ and ‘Sorcerer’ and he also appeared on Davis’ albums ‘Bitches Brew’, ‘In a Silent Way’ and ‘Tribute to Jack Johnson’ among others. It was Miles who first introduced Herbie to the Fender Rhodes and began his interest in electronic keyboards. During the 1960s Hancock also made many albums under his own name including ‘Empyrean Isles’, ‘Maiden Voyage’, ‘Speak Like a Child’ and others. Herbie also began his career in film composing the score to the film Blow Up and in television by composing the soundtrack to the show Fat Albert and the Cosby Kids. In the 1970s Hancock began experimenting more with electronic instruments in Jazz and formed a group with Buster Williams, Billy Hart, Eddie Henderson, Julian Priester, Bennie Maupin, and Dr. Patrick Gleason. Albums this group made include ‘Mwandishi’, ‘Crossings’ and ‘Sextant’. These experimental albums led to the creation of one of Herbie’s most successful groups, The Headhunters, with Maupin, Bill Summers, Paul Jackson and Harvey Mason. The Headhunters were well received and their first album, ‘Head Hunters’, was the first Jazz album to go Platinum. By the mid 1970s Herbie was traveling around the world performing for stadium sized crowds. Hancock also continued with acoustic Jazz in the late ‘70s forming VSOP with the members of the Miles Davis Quintet minus Miles.

In the 1980s Herbie continued with VSOP II with Wynton and Branford Marsalis, Ron Carter and Tony Williams. In 1983 Hancock made an album with Bill Laswell called ‘Future Shock’ which went platinum and their hit song from that album “Rockit” won a Grammy for Best R&B Instrumental and the music video won five MTV awards. Their follow up album ‘Sound System’ also won a Grammy. In 1986 Herbie won an Oscar for his work scoring the film Round Midnight. Highlights for Herbie in 1990s include his Acid Jazz album ‘Dis Is Da Drum’ in 1994 followed by ‘The New Standard’ with an all star band that won a Grammy in 1996. In ’97 Hancock and Wayne Shorter recorded a duo album called ‘1+1’ and the following year The Headhunters reunited and went on tour with the Dave Matthews band. Herbie’s most celebrated achievement of this decade is by far his 2007 album ‘River: The Joni Letters’ with Joni Mitchell, Wayne Shorter, Lionel Loueke, Dave Holland and Vinnie Colauita. There many special guests on this album as well including Norah Jones, Tina Turner, Corrine Bailey Rae and Leonard Cohen. The album won a Grammy for Album of The Year and was the first Jazz album to do so in fifty years and only the second time ever a Jazz album has won the honors.

Herbie Hancock continues on making music and breaking barriers which only seem to exist for everyone except Herbie. The almost literally ageless Hancock has an unbelievable body of work and the thought that he is far from done is mind boggling. Herbie’s influence has reached nearly every genre of music in America and continues to simply make the music he wants to make in that moment without the rationalization that seems to hold back most others from reaching their potential. Herbie has won twelve Grammy Awards, an Oscar, NEA Jazz Masters Award, voted into the Down Beat Hall of Fame and so many others. I can’t wait to see what Herbie Hancock will do next.

“Practicing Buddhism has brought several revelations to me. One that has been extremely important to my own personal development and consequently my musical development — is the realization that I am not a musician. That’s not what I am. It’s what I do. What I am is a human being. Being a human being includes me being a musician. It includes my being a father, a husband, a neighbor, a citizen and an African-American. All of these relationships have to do with my existence on the planet."

“Creativity and artistic endeavors have a mission that goes far beyond just making music for the sake of music.”

“Without wisdom, the future has no meaning, no valuable purpose.”

"Since time is a continuum, the moment is always different, so the music is always different.” – Herbie Hancock

February 26, 2013

UCLA Home Campus Directory
Media Contacts News Releases About UCLA

Jazz legends Herbie Hancock, Wayne Shorter named UCLA professors
By Shilo Munk
January 08, 2013

Renowned artists to mentor students as part of Thelonious Monk Institute of Jazz Performance's partnership with UCLA Herb Alpert School of Music

The UCLA Herb Alpert School of Music today announced the appointment of multiple Grammy Award winners and National Endowment for the Arts Jazz Masters Herbie Hancock and Wayne Shorter as UCLA professors. The two jazz greats are part of the school's Thelonious Monk Institute of Jazz Performance.

This marks the first time these two artists have made such a major commitment to an educational institution, and the current class of students will be the first to learn from them on a regular basis.

"We are truly delighted to welcome Herbie and Wayne to the faculty of the Herb Alpert School of Music," said Christopher Waterman, dean of the UCLA School of the Arts and Architecture, which houses the school of music. "The arrival of these legends marks an important step in the growth of UCLA's distinguished jazz program, which provides students with the opportunity to study with the renowned guitarist and NEA Jazz Master Kenny Burrell, award-winning flutist and composer James Newton and leading Los Angeles–based jazz musicians such as Dr. Bobby Rodriguez, Charley Harrison, Barbara Morrison, Michelle Weir, George Bohanon, Tamir Hendelman and Justo Almario."

The Thelonious Monk Institute of Jazz Performance at UCLA is a two-year graduate-level program that accepts one ensemble of musicians for each class; the current class includes seven students. The students, known as Thelonious Monk Fellows, will be taught each month by Hancock and Shorter throughout the academic year. The two professors will share their musical philosophies and the knowledge learned from their years of playing with the architects of jazz, including Miles Davis and Art Blakey. Both will focus on composition, improvisation and artistic expression, working with the students individually and as a group.

Additionally, Hancock and Shorter will lead master classes open to all UCLA students. Since the program began at UCLA in September 2012, Shorter has already taught for eight days and participated in a public performance with the Monk Fellows, and Hancock has taught for three days. On Dec. 6, 2012, Hancock and Shorter joined forces to conduct a historic master class at UCLA. This April, the Monk Fellows will accompany Hancock and Shorter to Istanbul to participate in a global, televised performance marking International Jazz Day.

"Wayne and I look forward to working with and guiding the new class of Monk Fellows over the next two years," said Hancock, chairman of the Thelonious Monk Institute. "These exceptionally gifted young artists are destined to become some of the most influential jazz musicians of their generation, and we are both looking forward to helping them forge successful careers in jazz performance. The mentoring experience will be profound for us, as well. The gift of inspiration in the classroom that develops from the master–apprentice relationship enhances our personal creativity on the bandstand and in the recording studio."

In addition to these two legendary artists, the Monk Institute program at UCLA has been expanded to include Billy Childs, a world-class composer and the recipient of a coveted Guggenheim Fellowship. Also instructing the Monk Fellows are internationally renowned improvisation educators Hal Crook, Jerry Bergonzi and Dick Oatts, all of whom add a new dimension to the program by sharing their comprehensive knowledge of jazz, addressing all elements of the students' playing and helping the students navigate the many styles and musical environments of jazz.

"When we established the UCLA Herb Alpert School of Music in 2007, one of our goals was to build on the stellar faculty and students in place and strengthen jazz as an essential, core component of the school's program," said Herb Alpert, chairman and founder of the Herb Alpert Foundation and principal donor to the UCLA Herb Alpert School of Music. "The addition of the preeminent Thelonious Monk Institute of Jazz Performance program brings a great richness of resources and talents to the mix, giving students even more opportunities to work with the world's great jazz artists."

All of the Thelonious Monk Fellows receive full scholarships, as well as stipends to cover their monthly living expenses. The students study individually and as a small group, receiving personal mentoring, ensemble coaching and lectures on the jazz tradition. They also are encouraged to experiment in expanding jazz in new directions through their compositions and performances. The current class will be the first to graduate with a master's degree in jazz performance from UCLA.

Since the Thelonious Monk Institute of Jazz launched its college-level jazz performance program in 1995, Monk Fellows have studied with world-renowned jazz artists Terence Blanchard, Ron Carter, Dee Dee Bridgewater, Jack DeJohnette, Barry Harris, Roy Haynes, Jimmy Heath, Dave Holland, Wynton Marsalis, Jason Moran, Danilo Pérez, Dianne Reeves, Horace Silver and Clark Terry, among many others. These jazz legends serve as artists-in-residence in the college program for one week each month.

Thelonious Monk Institute of Jazz Performance students and instructors present a number of major concerts and community outreach programs throughout the United States and overseas. International highlights have included performances at the celebration commemorating the 40th anniversary of the coronation of the king of Thailand, the Summit of the Americas in Chile before 34 heads of state, the United Nations' "Day of Philosophy" event in Paris sponsored by UNESCO, and the Tokyo Jazz Festival. The students have also participated in tours of China, Egypt, Argentina, Peru, India and Vietnam with Herbie Hancock.

"The Thelonious Monk Institute of Jazz is honored to have Wayne Shorter and Herbie Hancock joining the faculty of our college program at UCLA, where they will share their vast musical experiences and expansive vision for jazz, past, present and future," said Tom Carter, president of the Thelonious Monk Institute.

The Thelonious Monk Institute of Jazz is a nonprofit education organization established in memory of Thelonious Monk, the legendary jazz pianist and composer. Monk was one of the primary architects of bebop, and his impact as both a performer and composer has had a profound influence on every genre of music. His more than 70 compositions are classics that continue to inspire artists in all disciplines. Monk believed the best way to learn jazz was from a master of the music. The institute follows that same philosophy by bringing together the greatest living jazz musicians to teach and inspire young people, offering the most promising young musicians college-level training by America's jazz masters through its fellowship program in jazz performance and presenting public school–based jazz education programs around the world. Helping to fill the tremendous void in arts education left by budget cuts in public school funding, the institute provides school programs free of charge and uses jazz as the medium to encourage imaginative thinking, creativity, a positive self-image and respect for one's own and others' cultural heritage.

The UCLA Herb Alpert School of Music is devoted to the performance and study of music in all of its global diversity, including world music, popular music, jazz and classical music. The school's curriculum combines musical diversity, interdisciplinary studies, liberal arts values and professional training in a way that takes advantage of the school's position within a great research university. Students develop the practical and critical skills that prepare them for careers not only in professional performance and academia but in music journalism, the entertainment business, and the public and nonprofit sectors.

For more news, visit the UCLA Newsroom and follow us on Twitter.

Thursday, April 11, 2013

How the Political Economies of Capitalism, Racism, and Rightwing Authoritarianism Are Destroying the City of Detroit


Much more obviously needs to be said regarding the brutally sustained and relentlessly rapacious corporate, racist, and physical/spiritual/ideological assault on my hometown of Detroit that this article alludes to--and will be very soon by myself and others.  However in the meantime--if you haven't already--please read the following prophetic and truly profound books for the kind of crystalline clarity and essential depth of knowledge that will continue to be desperately needed as we fiercely struggle to save ourselves and all that we love and cherish from the absolutely ruthless and deadly forces of Capital and Plutocracy that are destroying this society and the rest of the world right before our very eyes...and pass the word...Our very lives depend upon it...


by Thomas J. Sugrue.  Princeton University Press,  1996

THE SHOCK DOCTRINE:  The Rise of Disaster Capitalism
by Naomi Klein.  Metropolitan Books  (Henry Holt and Company),  2007
DETROIT:  I DO MIND DYING  A Study in Urban Revolution
by Dan Georgakas and Martin Surkin.   South End Press,  1975.  Updated second edition, 1998

FLAT BROKE IN THE FREE MARKET:  How Globalization Fleeced Working People
by Jon Jeter.  W.W. Norton,  2009

PLANET OF SLUMS.  by Mike Davis.  Verso,  2007

DEMOCRACY, INC.:  Managed Democracy and the Specter of Inverted Totalitarianism. by Sheldon S. Wolin.  Princeton University Press,  2008

Loot of the World
by Emma Lockridge
March 20, 2013
City Arts:  New York's Review of Culture
Fate of Detroit’s premier art museum serves warning to the nation

The collective spirit of financially beleaguered Detroiters mirrors a declaration from Celie in The Color Purple: “I’m poor, black, my situation is ugly, but God, I’m still here.” While the people stay put in Motown, will the city’s art museum survive a fiscal meltdown or be dismantled?

In response to ongoing deficits and long-term debt, Michigan Gov. Rick Snyder (R) has used an unpopular state law to appoint an Emergency Manager [EM] to right the ship in Motown. The EM supplants Detroit’s elected officials, including the mayor and city council, and can renegotiate union contracts, eliminate departments, declare a municipal bankruptcy and sell city-owned assets.

Assets? The Detroit Institute of Arts, one of the nation’s finest urban museums and a most beloved gem for Detroiters, could be put into play. People are concerned that the museum’s coveted collection could fall prey to art vultures to lower the city’s deficit. With more than a billion dollars in city-owned artwork that includes Van Gogh, Monet and Cézanne, speculation is brewing about whether the art would be sold, or pillaged as some think, to help meet Detroit’s deficit. Clarity on the art’s fate is hard to find.

“Anything of value will be looted. Detroiters will have nothing left,” is the view of longtime Detroit artist/activist Ifoma. “New Orleans had a natural disaster and got help. We’re having a disaster by neglect.”

Ifoma may have a point. When New York City was on the brink of financial ruin in 1975, then President Gerald Ford approved a $2.3 billion federal loan during a national recession. That same loan would total around $10 billion today. Detroit allegedly has a $327-million accumulated deficit and $14.1 billion in long-term bond debt, but there is no talk of a lifeline from Washington.

Detroit’s economic demise has registered on the radar of a street artist who has taken credit for a controversial sign reading “ARBEIT MACHT FREI” installed at the defunct Packard Automotive Plant in the city. Translated from German, the “Work Will Set You Free” was posted over entryways of concentration camps. The activist artist, using the pseudonym Penny Gaff, issued an explanation on Facebook.

“ARBEIT MACHT FREI was cruelly placed at the entrances of the labor camps in irony, with the knowledge that there is no light at the end of the tunnel, no hope, only death,” Penny Gaff posted. “We whore our lives away day after day for corporations and the empty promises of the powers that be. We have become wage slaves, with no alternative, essentially reinstating forced labor.”

It was Detroit’s labor that wildly enriched some of the 20th Century’s wealthy manufacturing barons who donated artwork to the city’s main museum. Manufacturing has significantly dwindled and now the art may follow the painful exodus along with the sanctity of the people’s vote and their hope for self-determination.

Emma Lockridge is a freelance writer based in Detroit. She enjoys street art and visiting the Detroit Institute of Arts.

Wednesday, April 10, 2013

The Inspiring Rise and Depressing Decline of Bronx based Environmental Activist and Grassroots Advocate Majora Carter


I was once a very passionate and avid supporter of Ms. Carter because of her obvious brilliance, exceptional organizing skills, and deep radical commitment to real political and economic change but it's painfully clear that she has fallen prey to the venal and corrupting forces of fame, $$$, celebrity, and social status at the expense of her community and her own (former) principles.  This is very disappointing and finally enraging news because this kind of rank opportunism and cynical self serving submission to the corporate forces that she used to oppose in the name of integrity, honesty, and  political/moral/ethical COURAGE is far too common these daze--and by far too many intensely ambitious and "accomplished" younger people of color I'm VERY sad to say--in this very shaky (and getting shakier) 'Age of Obama.' Carter's public demise and  narcissistic turnaround is a very bad sign precisely because she formerly inspired so many people throughout New York and nationally to organize and FIGHT for genuine social change from a truly effective grassroots perspective.  We can ill afford to lose this kind of leadership especially at the local community level but given what I've seen of this kind of self serving obsession with celebrity, money, and status (especially the rank and often delusional idea of 'being on the inside' among corporate and political elites) among so many younger people in the U.S. today I'm regrettably not really surprised...


Michelle V. Agins/The New York Times
Majora Carter grew up in Hunts Point in the Bronx and later emerged as a fierce defender of its residents against urban blights.

Hero of the Bronx Is Now Accused of Betraying It
April 4, 2013 
New York Times

Desperate to block FreshDirect’s move to their corner of the South Bronx, Mychal Johnson and his neighbors decided to turn to someone they hoped would help them take on the popular grocery delivery service and its political supporters. Their battle had become one of the most divisive in the Bronx in years, pitting promises of economic development against fears of lost quality of life.

Ruth Fremson/The New York Times
Demonstrators outside the Bronx County Courthouse last month rallied against the relocation of FreshDirect.

So on a sweltering day last July, Mr. Johnson rang the bell at the Hunts Point office of Majora Carter, whose work as an environmental activist fighting for the South Bronx had earned her fame and fortune, including a prestigious MacArthur “genius” fellowship. Because she had started her career fighting truck traffic, he believed she would share their concerns about traffic and pollution from the relocated fleet of delivery trucks.

But as he waited on the sidewalk to ask for her help, an office worker opened the door just wide enough to tell him to put his request in writing. More than a week passed after Mr. Johnson and his group, South Bronx Unite, sent an e-mail inviting Ms. Carter to meet. Then the answer arrived. She would be happy to meet — for her usual rate of $500 for new clients.

“That was really a blow,” Mr. Johnson said. “Here’s this person who has won quite a few awards for being an environmental activist, and here we have some real environmental concerns, and we can’t even have a meeting without getting a template response with a price tag attached.”

Not long after, Ms. Carter was hired by FreshDirect to make the company’s case to the community.

The story of Majora Carter, 46, is one of the best known in the South Bronx. The youngest of 10 children, she grew up in Hunts Point and later emerged as a fierce defender of its residents against urban blights like truck traffic and garbage dumps. Smart and passionate, with a high-wattage smile for the cameras, Ms. Carter was soon touring the Arctic with former President Jimmy Carter, hosting a Peabody-winning public radio show, and commanding tens of thousands of dollars in speaking and consulting fees.

Ms. Carter’s meteoric rise also made her a polarizing figure. Many former allies and neighbors say that Ms. Carter trades on the credibility she built in the Bronx, while no longer representing its interests. They say she has capitalized on past good deeds in the way that politicians parlay their contacts into a lobbying career, or government regulators are hired by the companies they once covered.

“You can’t have it both ways,” said Eddie Bautista, executive director of the New York City Environmental Justice Alliance. “Either you’re an honest broker and accountable to the community, or you’re working for a business interest and accountable to that.”

In a phone interview, Ms. Carter insisted that she had never stopped working to support the South Bronx. She said she would have supported FreshDirect even if she was not paid, saying that she had never been anti-business and that the company would create jobs, provide access to healthy foods, and promote local food-based businesses. “I thought that ultimately they would be able to provide a net benefit to the community,” Ms. Carter said.

She addressed the criticism by ticking off some of her many honors and noting her status as a “thought leader.” Her husband, James Chase — who tends to Ms. Carter’s public image as a vice president of her consulting firm — called charges that she was financially motivated “revolting.” Nothing has highlighted the division over her legacy like the continuing battle over FreshDirect. The planned opening of a new headquarters for the company in the Bronx escalated from a not-in-my-backyard campaign to an acrimonious debate over how to help an area struggling with high rates of unemployment, obesity, diabetes and asthma.

State and city officials promised the grocer a $128 million package of cash and tax breaks to move to a vacant site on the Harlem River Yard from a location it had outgrown in Queens, in an effort to keep the company from accepting subsidies to move to New Jersey. The announcement brought about immediate protests and eventually a lawsuit accusing FreshDirect and city officials of systematically understating traffic problems and other effects.

Class implications idled near the surface: FreshDirect had become a hit with Manhattan residents who paid a premium to have their groceries dropped off at their doors, but it did not serve most of the Bronx, including the very streets where the government-subsidized headquarters were planned. (The company eventually expanded deliveries to the rest of the borough and introduced a program to accept food stamps, both of which it said were planned.)

The criticisms even extended personally to Ms. Carter. Neighbors had long gossiped that she spent more time at her husband’s 1,500-square-foot, rent-stabilized loft in TriBeCa than at her own home in Hunts Point. That only changed, they said, shortly before she was hired by FreshDirect.

FreshDirect, which plans to move to the Bronx by 2015, entered into a one-year contract with the Majora Carter Group last August. (Neither Ms. Carter nor FreshDirect would disclose the amount of her contract.)

“Majora has been instrumental in introducing FreshDirect to the South Bronx community,” John Leeman, chief marketing officer for FreshDirect, said in a statement. “She’s helped us raise awareness about our plans to create jobs, increase food access, and move to a green transportation fleet among other things.”

Ms. Carter was once a person whom companies feared. A graduate of the Bronx High School of Science and Wesleyan University, she got started in community organizing at the Point Community Development Corporation, a respected nonprofit group in Hunts Point. Known for charming supporters and opponents alike, she relished the spotlight, unlike many of her fellow organizers who preferred to stay in the background. Her courtship of the news media helped bring new visibility to environmental injustices faced by poor communities.

In 1999, Ms. Carter was at the center of a community campaign to defeat a proposed waste transfer station in Hunts Point, which residents feared would result in more diesel truck traffic. At a meeting, she shouted at members of another community group, South Bronx Clean Air Coalition, for supporting the proposal: “You are accepting money from them and playing their community partner.”

“The ironies are just breathtaking,” said Mr. Bautista, who witnessed that confrontation. “The very thing she accused them of, she’s doing the same thing now. Talk about coming full circle.”

Ms. Carter explained that her opposition to a waste transfer station that would have overburdened the South Bronx with trucks hauling garbage did not compare with the advantages now being offered by FreshDirect. “That’s a very simplistic way of trying to look at a complex situation and, again, net benefit,” Ms. Carter said.

After founding Sustainable South Bronx, a nonprofit group focusing on work force development and environment, Ms. Carter won a prestigious $500,000 grant in 2005 from the MacArthur Foundation, which called her a “relentless and charismatic urban strategist who seeks to address the disproportionate environmental and public health burdens experienced by residents of the South Bronx.”

A few years later, Ms. Carter parlayed her newfound celebrity into a for-profit consulting company, the Majora Carter Group. Her company Web site says it is focused on creating green jobs and shows a long list of awards and honors, including being named among the “100 Most Intriguing Entrepreneurs” by Goldman Sachs last year.

“She put the Bronx on an international stage,” said Ruben Diaz Jr., the borough president, who bestowed a citation of merit in 2011.

As Ms. Carter’s reputation suffered among some of her old supporters, who said she had an irritating tendency to overstate her contributions, others insisted that she has been misjudged.

Stephen Ritz, the dean of students at Hyde Leadership Charter School in Hunts Point, said that Ms. Carter mentored his students and used her contacts at the Hunts Point market to help him secure a weekly donation of 1,500 pieces of fruit to the school. “I think there’s a lot of jealousy,” Mr. Ritz said. “It’s much easier to run your mouth than run a business.”

Since signing with FreshDirect, Ms. Carter has linked the grocer to a half-dozen groups like Health People, whose executive director, Chris Norwood, applauded Ms. Carter for forging public-private partnerships to benefit the local economy.

But the work has also eroded some of her connections. Her relations with the Point, where she got her start, have soured. And Sustainable South Bronx, the group that she founded and led until 2008, is now supporting South Bronx Unite, which is leading the effort to block FreshDirect’s move and has emerged as her most vocal critic.

Julie Turkewitz contributed reporting. Alain Delaquérière contributed research.

Editor's note:  The following article was published in  the New York Times December 2008 when Ms. Carter was at the height of her public notoriety as a prominent community organizer and leading local activist on environmental, labor, and economic development issues 
James Chase
Majora Carter on the roof of her apartment building in Hunts Point.

The Green Power Broker
December 12, 2008
New York Times

MAJORA CARTER, one of the city’s best-known advocates for environmental justice, was sitting on a picnic table in Barretto Point Park in the South Bronx under the intense lights of an NBC film crew.

On this late September afternoon, after a month of traveling, delivering speeches, serving as host of a Sundance Channel program and a Science Channel pilot, Ms. Carter was noticeably flagging. Yet her signature feistiness was much in evidence when the producer of the documentary for which Ms. Carter was being interviewed asked her to explain why global warming affects not just polar bears but people around the globe.

Ms. Carter responded by describing air pollution in troubled urban areas like Hunts Point, the South Bronx neighborhood where she was raised and currently works.

The producer rephrased her question, in response to which Ms. Carter snapped, “I don’t do that.”

If the producer had a specific response in mind, Ms. Carter added with an edge to her usually warm voice, she should feed her a line, which the producer did not. Then she elaborated on her argument, which is that if richer communities suffered from air pollution as much as poorer neighborhoods do, affluent citizens would long ago have fought for alternatives to fossil fuels.

Two months earlier, Ms. Carter had visited the land of those iconic polar bears, touring the Arctic with former President Jimmy Carter, Senator Tom Daschle and leaders of various political, corporate, scientific and nongovernmental organizations.

“It was the trip of a lifetime,” Ms. Carter said in one of several conversations about her work. “Look, there are just a handful of people who get to do that, and I am incredibly grateful to be one of the few. But at the same time, I didn’t need to go to the Arctic Circle to see the impacts of global warming. I am living it.”

In just over a decade, Ms. Carter, 42, has vaulted from working as a volunteer for what was a nascent organization called the Point Community Development Corporation and knowing almost nothing about environmental issues to becoming a nationally known advocate for environmental justice.

Her reputation was burnished in 2005 when she won a MacArthur Foundation award for her work at the Point and at Sustainable South Bronx, a nonprofit organization she founded after leaving the Point in 2001.

Now, after seven years at Sustainable South Bronx, Ms. Carter is starting something new. Over the summer, she formed a for-profit consulting company, the Majora Carter Group. Along with her husband, James Chase, who serves as the group’s vice president for marketing and communications, Ms. Carter hopes that community groups, institutions and corporations will hire her to help them solve environmental problems and create green jobs — employment that betters the environment, such as producing clean energy — so she can put to national and perhaps international use the experience she gained in Hunts Point.

By singling out individuals, the $500,000 MacArthur awards can sometimes engender resentment. Perhaps partly for this reason, Ms. Carter is a controversial figure in certain activist circles. A few of some three dozen people contacted for this article refused to talk about her or to describe their criticisms on the record. But many who have worked with her said her celebrity is deserved.

Ms. Carter’s fame is also proving somewhat double-edged for her start-up. She is in high demand for speeches all over the country, yet in the eyes of many she remains synonymous with Sustainable South Bronx, and it is taking time to establish a separate identity.

“Now I go and I talk about what I think I can bring to the rest of the world with this consulting firm,” Ms. Carter said one afternoon in her new offices at 901 Hunts Point Avenue. “And it is hard, because I am still so much seen as this ground-breaking visionary who ran community groups. And I am like, that is nice and all, but I am a groundbreaking visionary who has a consultancy.

“It is fun,” she added. “I am not complaining. I am just so tired I can’t keep my eyes open.”

On the Hustings

Several weeks before the NBC interview, Ms. Carter could be found leaning against a wall outside a conference room in the United Federation of Teachers building in Lower Manhattan, tugging off her brown suede heels and pulling on green Wellingtons — the very ones, she later confided, that President Carter had scuffed in the Arctic. “I’ll never wash them,” she said with a laugh.

Ms. Carter had just spoken about green jobs at a conference sponsored by the Center for Working Families, a New York State group formed in 2006, and her speech was emotional, as her speeches usually are. She invoked the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. and choked up when she described jobless men and women who have become environmental heroes by finding and holding green jobs in their community.

The talk seemed ill suited to the setting: Most of the people in the audience were activists, politicians and union and other organizers, many of whom regularly fight for social justice and know inside out the issues and struggles that Ms. Carter seemed to be urging them to embrace.

Yet for some, the speech resonated deeply.

“You are such an inspirational person,” one woman gushed as Ms. Carter suited up for the rain. “I teared up the whole time.”

“Thank you so much,” Ms. Carter responded, smiling with the warmth, earthiness and energy that strike many who meet her, qualities that have helped make her such a powerful leader.

Within a few minutes, Ms. Carter was dashing through a downpour to the PATH station in her waterproof black anorak, its hood snug around her dark hair, to address a symposium on green jobs in Newark. Under the netting cloaking the partially restored rotunda in City Hall, Ms. Carter gave the identical speech and choked up at the same point.

“I am proud to have started one of the first green-collar job training programs,” Ms. Carter declared in rousing fashion. Many in the audience nodded throughout the speech, then applauded wildly.

“She is so inspiring,” one woman said with a sigh to her son as they headed out into the wet Newark night.

Although just back from Stockholm and jet-lagged, Ms. Carter spent the next 10 days crisscrossing the United States, giving speeches in Washington, Indiana, Tennessee and North Carolina. The Majora Carter Group earned about $60,000 that week, said Ms. Carter, who charges $25,000 for some appearances, but the organization has a way to go before it can hire more people. Currently the paid staff consists only of Ms. Carter, her husband and Isabella Moreno, who is vice president for operations and client relations.

But the team was thrilled about the week’s big development. In North Carolina, Ms. Carter had impressed Willie Gilchrist, chancellor of Elizabeth City State University, who plans to hire Ms. Carter to develop a regional plan to create green jobs. The university would be the group’s first client.

The new consultancy “really plays to Majora’s strengths,” said Hugh Hogan, director of the North Star Fund, a New York nonprofit group that supports grass-roots efforts around the city.

“She knows how the system works,” added Mr. Hogan, who worked with Ms. Carter at Sustainable South Bronx and at the New York City Environmental Justice Alliance. And, he added with a laugh, “That woman has no fear.”

An example of this quality is still broadly disseminated on the Web: video of a Technology, Entertainment, Design conference shows Ms. Carter chiding Al Gore, who is sitting in the front row, for brushing off her offer of collaboration and instead directing her to apply for a grant.

A Girl From Hunts Point

Ms. Carter, the youngest of 10 children, was born in Hunts Point, a community, largely populated by blacks and Latinos, that is part of the infamous South Bronx. For decades it was plagued by poverty and violence, and many working-class families moved away during the 1960s and ’70s.

Ms. Carter’s family stayed. Her father worked as a janitor at the Spofford juvenile detention center; her mother raised her many children and then worked at a residence for mentally impaired adults. Although Ms. Carter says neither of her parents was particularly active politically, the neighborhood in which she came of age was steeped in activism.

Seemingly every few blocks, there is evidence of projects that community groups have successfully fought for, including, in the last two years, 2,500 units of affordable housing and plans for an additional high school, according to Roberto S. Garcia, chairman of Community Board 2. The Bronx River Greenway, a plan to establish 10 miles of paths and parks along the waterway, came about because some 60 public and private groups formed the Bronx River Alliance, said Linda Cox, the alliance’s executive director.

Ms. Carter, who studied acting and received a degree in film from Wesleyan in 1988, did not become involved in her neighborhood until she returned to live with her parents after graduating from New York University in 1997 with a master’s degree in fine arts.

“It was because I was broke,” she said of her return home. “It was just a place for me when I needed a place to stay.”

In 1997, she started working as a volunteer for the Point, which had been formed in 1994 to help revitalize the area’s cultural and economic life. Just as Ms. Carter started at the Point, the Giuliani administration announced plans to build a waste transfer station in Hunts Point, an area already riddled with waste transfer stations, a battalion of garbage trucks and the asthma-inducing exhaust they produce.

Maria Torres, president and co-founder of the Point, recalled that in the late 1990s an awareness of the local impact of environmental problems was relatively new to the organization, but that Ms. Carter, who had started out doing art and film projects for the group, readily took on these problems.

“She went out and did her research,” Ms. Torres said. “And she became very knowledgeable about things.”

First at the Point, then at Sustainable South Bronx, working with politicians and with South Bronx groups like Mothers on the Move and Youth Ministries for Peace and Justice, Ms. Carter successfully fought against the transfer station and lobbied for the creation of the Bronx River Alliance and new public green spaces in Hunts Point.

In 2003, along with Mr. Hogan and Annette Williams, Ms. Carter started a green jobs training program at Sustainable South Bronx. As of this winter, said Ms. Williams, who directs the program — now called BEST, for Bronx Environmental Stewardship Training — 112 people will have learned about invasive species, tree husbandry and other subjects related to restoration and ecology. Of these 112 graduates, Ms. Williams said, 95 have jobs and 8 have returned to school.

“It was the only program I ever heard of in my community doing what they were doing at the time,” said Penny Matta, who works for the Bronx River Alliance and the city’s parks department.

As a child growing up in Hunts Point, said Ms. Matta, 37, she was never aware of the nearby river.

“You couldn’t see the water from the road and, in that neighborhood, you didn’t go down there by yourself,” Ms. Matta recalled. “Now I bring my kids to remove invasives on the weekends. All three of my daughters have done water-quality testing with me.”

A Sharp Trajectory

Ms. Carter’s recognition of the link between environmental improvement and economic revitalization set the stage for her national prominence. Green jobs are a major campaign in the environmental justice movement. At a meeting last year of the Clinton Global Initiative, for example, Ms. Carter and Van Jones of Oakland, Calif., started a job-generating group called Green for All.

“It was at the time I began to want to move to a national level and so did she,” said Mr. Jones, author of “The Green Collar Economy: How One Solution Can Fix Our Two Biggest Problems,” who got his start as a community activist in 1996 when he created the Ella Baker Center for Human Rights. “At this point Majora is going to be focusing exclusively on her consultancy, but we are still going to be partners. She took her clout and helped get us up and running.”

To his mind, he added, “she is the Rosa Parks of the green jobs movement.”

For many who know her, Ms. Carter’s trajectory was inevitable.

“I always thought she had the capacity to be a real star, and the South Bronx — and the Bronx as a whole — needs a star, someone who makes it a little bigger,” said Dart Westphal, president of the Mosholu Preservation Corporation, a neighborhood improvement organization active in the north Bronx. “She is really smart and really beautiful, and she just has a certain star quality.”

Others say that Ms. Carter has achieved some of her fame by taking or getting credit for accomplishments or funding that haven’t been only hers to claim, or for projects that have not yet been completed, such as the Bronx River Greenway.

But in the opinion of people like Mr. Westphal, the resentment some feel toward Ms. Carter grows out of the hero narrative that Americans — and the nation’s media — often gravitate toward.

“Majora is like Paul Bunyan; the stories have become legendary in some cases,” he said. “It is not that Majora has done anything wrong; it is that some other people working aren’t getting so much attention.”

Omar Freilla, coordinator of the Green Worker Cooperatives in Hunts Point, agrees.

“There is always the tendency to spin what is a group effort into an individual effort,” Mr. Freilla said. “The backlash is that people who are part of the community start to resent the attention.”

Ms. Torres of the Point acknowledges that roles do sometimes get muddied in press reports, but says that ultimately Ms. Carter is responsible for setting the record straight.

Sitting in the conference room in her new offices one day not long ago, Ms. Carter discussed the resentment some in her community feel about her celebrity. At first, she became uncharacteristically silent, and neighborhood sounds dominated: cars and trucks, screeching brakes, sirens.

The suite of offices occupies the second floor of a two-story building, above an auto-glass repair shop and just a block from the Bruckner and Sheridan Expressways overpass. Rainbow curtains billowed out above the gray street, making each window a different bright color.

But Ms. Carter has not gotten where she is by sitting quietly.

“There is a light that comes to this community because of what I have done,” she said, her usual moxie restored. “I am in a completely different milieu right now, and if I didn’t take advantage of that, then I would be a fool. If I wasn’t flipping out about being away so much, I would be at the Clinton Global Initiative right now. Because I could do that. Because I know there are people there who would like to talk to me.

“That is what I do,” Ms. Carter said. “Am I supposed to feel guilty because I have those advantages?”

Marguerite Holloway, director of the science program at the Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism, is working on a book about nature and cities to be published by W. W. Norton.